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15th International Conference on Liver Diseases & Hepatology, will be organized around the theme “Exploring Innovations in Liver Health: From Research to Treatment”
Liver Diseases 2024 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Liver Diseases 2024
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NAFLD is a medical condition characterized by the accumulation of excess fat in the liver of individuals who consume little to no alcohol. It is considered one of the most common liver disorders worldwide. NAFLD encompasses a spectrum of liver conditions ranging from simple fat accumulation in the liver (steatosis) to more severe inflammation and liver cell damage (non-alcoholic steatohepatitis or NASH), which can progress to fibrosis, cirrhosis, and even liver failure in some cases. NAFLD is closely associated with obesity, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes.
Hepatitis is a medical term used to describe the inflammation of the liver. It can be caused by various factors, including viral infections, excessive alcohol consumption, certain medications, autoimmune conditions, and metabolic disorders. Hepatitis can range in severity from mild and self-limiting to severe and chronic, potentially leading to long-term liver damage, cirrhosis, and even liver failure There are several types of hepatitis, with the most common being viral hepatitis. Viral hepatitis is caused by specific viruses, including hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis D virus (HDV), and hepatitis E virus (HEV).
Liver transplantation is a complex surgical procedure in which a diseased or damaged liver is replaced with a healthy liver from a donor. It is typically performed as a last resort for individuals with end-stage liver disease or acute liver failure when other medical treatments have failed or are unlikely to be effective. Liver transplantation can be a life-saving intervention for individuals whose livers are no longer able to perform their vital functions adequately.
Liver cancer, also known as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is a type of cancer that originates in the cells of the liver. It is the most common type of primary liver cancer, meaning it originates within the liver itself rather than spreading from another part of the body (secondary or metastatic cancer). Hepatocellular carcinoma typically develops in the context of chronic liver disease, such as cirrhosis, hepatitis B or C infection, alcoholic liver disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), or other conditions that cause long-term liver inflammation and damage. The presence of these underlying liver diseases increases the risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma.
Liver fibrosis is a process in which the healthy tissue of the liver is gradually replaced by scar tissue, a type of connective tissue. It is a response to various forms of liver injury and inflammation, often resulting from chronic liver diseases such as viral hepatitis, alcoholic liver disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and autoimmune liver diseases. When the liver is repeatedly injured or inflamed over time, the body's natural healing response involves the activation of cells called hepatic stellate cells. These cells produce excessive amounts of collagen and other proteins, leading to the accumulation of scar tissue within the liver. As fibrosis progresses, the liver's structure and function can be compromised.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a type of primary liver cancer that originates in the hepatocytes, which are the main functional cells of the liver. It is the most common type of liver cancer and accounts for most cases. Hepatocellular carcinoma often develops in the context of underlying chronic liver diseases, such as cirrhosis, viral hepatitis (hepatitis B or C), alcoholic liver disease, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
Liver cirrhosis is a late stage of progressive scarring (fibrosis) of the liver tissue, resulting from long-term, continuous damage to the liver. It is a serious and irreversible condition in which healthy liver tissue is replaced by scar tissue, leading to significant disruption of the liver's structure and function. Cirrhosis can be caused by various factors, including chronic alcohol abuse, viral hepatitis, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), autoimmune liver diseases, and other chronic liver conditions.
Wilson disease, also known as hepatolenticular degeneration, is a rare genetic disorder that causes the accumulation of copper in various tissues of the body, particularly the liver, brain, and eyes. This excess copper buildup can lead to serious health problems, affecting the liver, neurological system, and other organs. Wilson disease is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder, meaning that an individual must inherit two copies of the faulty gene (one from each parent) to develop the condition.
Jaundice is a medical condition characterized by the yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes, and the whites of the eyes. It occurs when there's an excess of bilirubin in the bloodstream, a yellow pigment produced because of the breakdown of red blood cells. Jaundice is not a disease itself but rather a symptom of an underlying medical condition. The most common cause of jaundice is liver dysfunction or disease, as the liver plays a crucial role in processing bilirubin and excreting it from the body.
Acute pancreatitis is a sudden and severe inflammation of the pancreas, an organ located behind the stomach that plays a crucial role in digestion and regulating blood sugar levels. This condition can range from mild and self-limiting to severe and life-threatening. Acute pancreatitis occurs when digestive enzymes produced by the pancreas become activated within the pancreas itself, leading to tissue damage and inflammation.
The most common causes of acute pancreatitis include:
Pancreatic cancer is a type of cancer that originates in the cells of the pancreas, an organ located behind the stomach. It's a relatively aggressive form of cancer that often goes undetected until it has reached an advanced stage, making it difficult to treat effectively. Pancreatic cancer is characterized by its rapid growth and tendency to spread to other parts of the body.
There are two main types of pancreatic cancer:
Hemochromatosis is a hereditary disorder characterized by the excessive accumulation of iron in the body. Iron is an essential mineral that plays a crucial role in various bodily functions, including the production of red blood cells and oxygen transport. However, when iron levels become too high, it can lead to damage in various organs and tissues, including the liver, heart, pancreas, and joints.